Money transfer scams seek to target people, often online, by leveraging the anonymity of the scammer and manipulating the target into making an emotional decision to send funds to someone they don’t know.
In some cases, the person may pretend to be a trusted friend or relative, or mimic someone from a reputable organization. Regardless of the pretext, they attempt to disappear after the money has been transferred without providing any of the promised payment.
Fortunately, if you know how these scams work, the red flags to look out for, and how to beat them, you can stay a step ahead of scammers and protect your hard-earned funds. In some cases, it may be possible to get your money back if you’ve already fallen victim.
Money transfer scams typically involve someone asking you to help them transfer money in exchange for payment.
One example of a money transfer scam looks like this:
The ultimate goal of money transfer scams is to get your money quickly and then move on to the next victim.
There are several red flags you can keep an eye out for to protect yourself from these kinds of scams, which include:
Example Nigerian Prince Letter
URGENT BUSINESS PROPOSAL
We have thirty million U.S. dollars which we got from over inflated contract from crude oil contract awarded to foreign contractors in the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC). We are seeking your assistance and permission to remit this amount into your account. Your commission is thirty percent of the money.
Please notify me your acceptance to do this business urgently. The men involved are men in government. More details will be sent to you by fax as soon as we har from you. For the purpose of communication in this matter, may we have your telefax, telex and telephone numbers including your private home phone telephone number.
Contact me urgently through the fax number above.
Please treat as most confidential, all replies strictly by DHL courier, or through above fax number.
Thanks for your co-operation.
Prince Jones Dimka
There plenty of money transfer scams out there, with new ones being created daily, but some of the most common ones include:
Lottery and prize scams involve scammers telling their victims that they’ve won a prize, sometimes sending them a fake partial check for their winnings. They'll tell their victims that all they need to do to claim their prize is send money to cover taxes or fees associated with their winnings. Soon after the victim sends the money, the original check bounces and they never receive a prize or get their money back.
Romance scammers lie to people, making them think they truly want a long-term relationship with them. They then ask their victim to send them money to either go see them in-person or help with an urgent need. After the scammer gets the money, they end the relationship or delete whatever social media or dating website account they used to target their victim.
Sometimes, a scammer will pose as a buyer for an item you’re selling. They’ll send you a check for over your asking price and then will ask you to transfer money back to them after “mistakenly” sending you too much. For example, you’re selling an item using an online marketplace or classifieds service. A buyer (the scammer) will send you a check for $1,500, but you were selling it for only $1,300. They then ask you to transfer them the difference, $200. However, after you’ve repaid them, the bank will flag the fake check and you’ll be out both $1,300 and the $200 you sent the scammer.
Online shopping scams typically involve a seller setting up a fake website or advertising products they don’t actually have at an extremely low price. After the victim sends money to the seller (scammer), they refuse to send them the goods they paid for. In some cases, a buyer can execute an online shopping scam by sending the seller too much money with a fake check and asking for some of it in return. In other words, they run an overpayment scam while pretending to shop online.
One of the most common money transfer scams involves someone overseas claiming they don’t have the ability to send a large amount to someone in another country. They say they need your help—in exchange for a portion of the money. They then ask for your bank account information so they can supposedly deposit the funds into your account. At that point, they take money out of your account without asking and disappear.
If you come across this kind of scam, the best way to beat it is by:
If you’ve fallen victim to a money transfer scam, below are some ways to potentially get your money back, protect your identity, or report the incident to the authorities.
If you’ve fallen victim to a money transfer scam, you should first report the incident to your bank or credit card company you used to make the payment. You may be able to get your money back.
Some banks reimburse their customers when they’ve been scammed, and others are able to stop payments to people, especially if they haven’t claimed the funds yet.
If you used a service like Western Union, you should reach out to them immediately and describe what happened. If the thief hasn’t claimed the cash, they may be able to prevent them from getting it and refund your money.
If you provided the scammer with sensitive information such as your login credentials, financial accounting information, or any other identifying information, you’ll want to do the following:
It’s always a good idea to report a scam to the authorities, both locally and on the federal level. While you may not get your money back, your information can help protect others from falling for the same scam or help the authorities catch the scammer.
You can report the incident to the:
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